Difficulties and Drawbacks of Online Examination

Online Examination

In recent years, the education landscape has transformed dramatically with technology integration.  The shift towards an online examination system, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic, has become increasingly prevalent. This transition, although promising in its accessibility and convenience, has its share of complexities and limitations. Let’s delve into the difficulties associated with online examination and explore their impact on the educational sphere.

1. Technical turmoil: 

Implementing a new system may create a minor disruption and require a period of familiarization by the users. The realm of online examination is susceptible to technical disruptions. There are a lot of technical issues, like:

 These glitches can disrupt the assessment process. These problems can adversely affect a student’s ability to complete the test or submit their responses within the stipulated time frame, potentially compromising their performance and overall experience.

  • Internet Bandwidth and Speed: 

Inadequate internet bandwidth or slow internet speeds can adversely affect the exam experience, causing interruptions or delays.

For Example:

If a student is having his online lecture and suddenly a connectivity issue occurs, the student will miss his essential points regarding the lecture. He will also lose his focus and might stop studying.

2. Cheating and Integrity Concerns:

Proctoring online exam help to prevent cheating requires sophisticated technology, and there might be privacy concerns regarding the surveillance of students during the exam. Maintaining academic integrity in an online examination environment poses a significant challenge. The absence of physical proctoring can elevate the risk of dishonest practices such as:

  • Accessing unauthorized materials 
  • Utilizing external help 
  • Collaborating with peers during assessments 
  • Undermining the fairness and reliability of the online examination. 
  • Using smartphones or smartwatches
  • Copying notes.

3. Lack of Personal Interaction and Support:

Lack of personal interaction and support in online examination can make it challenging for students to get immediate help available in traditional exam settings. Students may face difficulties in seeking clarification or guidance related to their queries from instructors in real-time. The truancy of person-to-person interaction obstructs the learning process. Online examination also make students feel isolated or uncertain.

4. Assessment of Practical Skills:

Certain subjects or courses require hands-on learning and assessment of practical skills, which are challenging to evaluate online. Some courses need to be written for the sake of understanding, like:

  • Science experiments
  • Art evaluations 
  • Technical demonstrations
  • Numerical
  • Math problems, etc.

These topics might not be accurately delivered or explained through online class, which causes the loss of the student’s complete skill and cause trouble in their online examination.

5. Accessibility Issues:

Not all students have equal access to necessary resources for online examinations. There are plenty of accessibility issues in which a student can’t do anything, and these issues significantly impact a student’s ability to participate and perform well in online assessments. Some of those issues are:

  • Disparities in internet access
  • Technological devices
  • Power outage
  • Conducive environments
  • Software malfunctioning

This discrepancy raises concerns about the fairness and inclusivity of online examinations.

6. Time Management:

In an online examination, time management can be a challenging point to handle. Students might struggle with managing their time efficiently during the exam, especially if there are technical difficulties or if they are not accustomed to the exam interface.

7. Test anxiety:

 Online exams can be intimidating for some students, especially when unfamiliar with the online testing format. Test anxiety can negatively impact performance.

8. Stress and Technical Learning Curve:

Transition to online examination is not easy for every student; for some students, it introduces an additional layer of stress. Navigating new online platforms, understanding the technical requirements, and adjusting to the exam format can be overwhelming. Many students do not even know how to use a computer/laptop or how to turn on the online class. This situation might add stress to the student and also affect the student’s performance, irrespective of their knowledge and preparation for the subject matter. They feel like they are below others who know how to handle online classes.

9. Authentication and identity verification:

 Ensuring the person taking the exam is a registered student can be difficult. Anyone can pay someone to take my online exam on behalf of the student, and no one can recognize it. Hence, it is illegal or considered as a crime if caught. Online proctoring and identity verification methods are in place, but they may not be foolproof and can be invasive or uncomfortable for some students.

Read more: Best online exam help services for students

10. Reliance on Memorization Over Comprehension:

Multiple-choice or short-answer formats, often used in online assessments, can encourage memorization rather than deeper comprehension of the subject matter. This evaluation mode might not effectively assess a student’s critical thinking, analytical, or problem-solving skills, focusing more on rote learning.

11. Potential for Distractions: 

Conducting online examination means students are prone to various distractions in their environment. Family members, noise, or environmental factors can disrupt a student’s concentration during the examination, impacting their performance.

  • Implementations:

Addressing these challenges requires robust technology, transparent policies, effective monitoring, and support systems to ensure a fair and smooth online examination experience for all participants. Educational institutions and online testing platforms are continually working to address these difficulties through improved security measures, better user interfaces, and enhanced student support. However, online define examination may still pose challenges that must be managed effectively to ensure fair and reliable assessment outcomes. 


Hence, we know that online cross examination questions provide a lot of flexibility and convenience, but it also comes with limitations, difficulties, and challenges. The issues with technology, integrity, assessment methodologies, and access disparities must be addressed to ensure fair and effective evaluation of students in the digital era. 

Educational institutes must continuously work on this and evolve their methods and technologies to overcome these hurdles. They should ensure a fair and robust evaluation system that aligns with the modern educational landscape and might not carry any issues with it and provide comfort to students.

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